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三种方法增强复试语言逻辑,最后24小时学渣逆袭



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  近几年的四级作文题基本上都是要求考生就某种现实现象或观点发表自己的看法,内容多是考生所熟悉的社会热点话题或大学生生活题材。写好四级作文有两个关键点:第一,根据英文的表达习惯来安排写作结构;第二,用自己熟悉的英文词汇、句式和句型正确地写出自己的观点和看法。因此,老师将按照起承转合的结构安排,为大家详细介绍一下写作中常用的重点关联词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为大家四级写作提供有用的素材。

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  (一)起

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大高校陆续开始,很多过初试的考生已经开始了紧张的复试准备,让大家最为担心的是英语复试的备考。能不能取得最后的成功,英语复试是一个关键。

  观点(现象性):

  自我介绍还可以提前背一背,可如果抽到一个随机的话题让我们展开叙说的话,就会有一定的难度。这里老师就给大家介绍几种展开话题的方法,希望大家能够运用上,使自己的言语表达更加的清晰流畅有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some
argue that…, while others believe that…

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

  因果法是用来解释“为什么”的问题。我们可以根据一个结果去推导其原因,要以事实和证据为根据,前后过程要合乎逻辑和常理。例如:“你为什么考研”?Why
do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons
why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed
by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social
worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason
why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly,
consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from,
lead to, so… as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in
this way, thanks to等。

  4. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

  二、定义法

  描述性:

  定义法可以用来阐述“是什么”的问题,即用一段话来解释说明某个抽象的概念或具体事物的性质、特征、用途、原理等。例如:What
is honesty? 我们可以用如下形式来展开论述:Honesty means telling the
truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who
cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by
other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with
nowadays is …

  常用关联词汇: what is…, to be defined as, the definition of …
is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in
other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has
nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

  例证是为了证明主题而存在的。当主题为理论性或概述的论点时,就需要通过举例或例证来加以支持,以说服听者,同时要注意逻辑严密。例如:In
many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in
Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on TV or radio.

  (二)承

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for
another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore,
besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an
illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  1. 关联词语或重点词汇:

  总之,考研复试时,拿到题目后应立刻审题,积极思考,找好切人点,把讲话的框架打好腹稿,这样会使你的阐述更具逻辑性。展开的方法就是运用因果法、定义法、例证法等。另外注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神交流,紧紧地抓住对方的注意力。在复试前的关键时期,大家一定要多锻炼与人交流的能力。祝大家考研复试顺利,超常发挥,顺利进入自己心仪的学校!

  递进:

  来源:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to
begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover,
furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not
least

  举例:

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate,
for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good
case in point

  因果:

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to,
based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing
to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a
consequence

  分类:

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of
groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups,
consist of

  2. 句型及常用表达结构:

  举例:

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

  Just take …as an example。

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be
sufficient。

  因果:

  There are several reasons for…

  The reason why …can be traced to…

  The causes for …are as follows…

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following
conclusion…

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …,
thirdly,…

  …also contribute to the reason why…

  分类:

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

  …may be divided into…

  (三)转

  转折:

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless,
unfortunately

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

  对比:

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly,
similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

  There are some similarities/differences between…

  We can compare …with …

  …has something in common with…

  By contrasting …and…

  …has little common with…

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true
that…

  (四)合

  1. 关联词汇或重点词汇:

  thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently; as a
result/consequence, in conclusion, in general, generally speaking, by
and large, on the whole, in a word, to sum up, in short/brief, briefly
speaking

  2. 句型及常用表达结构:

  From discussions above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…

  Only through these measures can we hope to solve the problem。

  Hence, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures to
stop/prevent…

  I believe we can overcome the difficult through great efforts and we
will have a brighter future of…

  以上这些词汇、短语和句型对于考生来说都是相当有用的写作素材,希望考生在考前好好复习一下,以便在考试中能够运用自如。

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